• Layout:
  • 1st= appearance towards men teases them
  • 2nd=attitudes
  • 3rd= reality
  • Salander doesn’t restrict herself to loving one gender and refuses to label herself. She wears dark clothing, rides a motorcycle and has tattoos and piercings. She’s labeled clinically insane yet is a gifted and intelligent hacker who doesn’t take shit from anyone.
  • questionable morality, the cold gaze, the difficulty interacting “normally” with people, the seeming lack of emotion, the underground pursuit of justice, the holding back of information from the cops and other authorities, the use of technology and scientific reasoning to solve crimes
  • Throughout the text, Salander occupies the role of both victim and survivor. Assaulted repeatedly and brutally by her guardian, Salander seems aware that others perceive her as a victim, but she doesn’t view herself as one because she sees the oppression and brutalization of women as endemic to society. 

Issues/Conflicts/Ideas: The epidemic of violence against women in modern society; the corruption of Society; the inaccuracy of appearances

  • “In her world, this was the natural order of things. As a girl she was legal prey, especially if she was dressed in a worn black leather jacket and had pierced eyebrows, tattoos, and zero social status.”
  • “Even so he had caught himself having inappropriate day-dreams about Lisbeth Salander, …..But the attraction, Armansky thought, was that Salander was a foreign creature to him”
  • “Salander was dressed for the day in a black t-shirt with a picture on it of E.T. with fangs, and the words ‘i am also an alien’. She had on a black skirt that was frayed at the hem, a worn-out black, mid-length leather jacket, rivet belt, heavy Doc Martin boots…..with colour scheme makeup.”
  • “With all those rings on your face, you must be careful about hygiene?”

Tim Burton Filming notes

Common Techniques:

  • Monochromatic colours
  • Flashbacks – full vibrant colour
  • Red Blood – very standout
  • Music – contrast what we are seeing with that the character is feeling
  • Makeup – pale faces, dark eyes
  • Lighting – light/dark contrast
  • Settings – slightly distorted/unrealistic
  • Close up shots

Cinematography Techniques:

  • Lighting
  • Camera Angles
  • Props/Setting
  • Costume
  • Camera Shots
  • Dialogue
Gothic ConventionsFilm Techniques

Gothic Protagonist/Antagonist

Tone/Mood – Negative, uneasy, dark

Elements of the supernatural

Hair, makeup, costume
Camera Angles
The setting, props (Mise en Scene)
Camera shots

Tim Burton tends to use Protagonists and calls them “heroic loners”…this is different from the classic ‘underdog’ hero. These characters tend to be nerds/goths/super crime fighters that are 100% happy with their lonely existence. Burton’s heroic characters are troubled loners, isolated from the rest of the world. 

Burtons cinematic style: dark, demented, and nightmarish, but they also have a strange innocence and element of childlike wonder, too. He creates a dichotomy between the gothic and idyllic—the dark and the light—but since it’s Burton, the darks and lights are warped by the funhouse mirror of his creativity. He uses ‘nightmarish’ settings, surreal humour, 

Essay Structure

Introduction – Outline the 2 films (Sweeney Todd + (summary, director, etc) + chosen techniuqes 

Paragraph 1: First film + technique

Paragraph 2: second/third technique

Paragraph 3: second film + technique

Paragraph 4: second/third technique

Paragraph 5: links between both films…

Conclusion: Summary of it all

John Locke

The Enlightenment era was a big movement for Europe when Reason>Faith and Science>Religion.


Who is he?

John Locke lived between the 29th August 1632 to the 28th October 1704. He was an English philosopher and a physician. He was also known as the “Father of Liberalism”

What were their major contributions to the 18th-century philosophy?

John Locke had 3 main theories

  1. Was from his Essay “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1689) where it outlined the theory of human knowledge, where he states that everyone begins life as a “white paper, void of all characters” and that our experiences are what makes us who we are. This Theory was also known as the “Tabula Rasa” or “blank space” This theory went against the idea that “God makes us who we are”

Explain their most successful and well-recognized theory:

Read an essay or paper written by them.


Setting – Frankinstein


Swiss Alps:

  1. “The pines are not tall or luxuriant, but they are sombre and add an air of severity to the scene. I looked on the valley beneath; vast mists were rising from the rivers which ran through it and curling in thick wreaths around the opposite mountains, whose summits were hid in the uniform clouds, while rain poured from the dark sky and added to the melancholy impression I received from the objects around me.” 
  2. “It was nearly noon when I arrived at the top of the ascent. For some time I sat upon the rock that overlooks the sea of ice. A mist covered both that and the surrounding mountains. Presently a breeze dissipated the cloud, and I descended upon the glacier. The surface is very uneven, rising like the waves of a troubled sea, descending low, and interspersed by rifts that sink deep. The field of ice is almost a league in width, but I spent nearly two hours in crossing it. The opposite mountain is a bare perpendicular rock”
  • The words used to describe the mountains which Victor has climbed. The descriptions are from Victor’s point of view. Such as “melancholy impression” was Victor’s emotions which influenced the way he saw the Alps.
  • The “sea of ice” could be a foreshadowing of further into the book where Victor goes after his own creature and ends in the Arctic.


“; and in the majestic and wondrous scenes which surrounded our Swiss home—the sublime shapes of the mountains, the changes of the seasons, tempest and calm, the silence of winter, and the life and turbulence of our Alpine summers—she found ample scope for admiration and delight. While my companion contemplated with a serious and satisfied spirit the magnificent appearances of things, I delighted in investigating their causes. The world was to me a secret which I desired to divine. Curiosity, earnest research to learn the hidden laws of nature, gladness akin to rapture, as they were unfolded to me, are among the earliest sensations I can remember.”

  • A lot of contrasting descriptive words, Majestic, Wondrous and Sublime, calm, tempest; all indicate an “out of this world” beauty or attraction.


  1. “In a solitary chamber, or rather cell, at the top of the house, and separated from all the other apartments by a gallery and staircase, I kept my workshop of filthy creation;”
  2. “The dissecting room and the slaughter-house furnished many of my materials;”
  • Not very descriptive of what the ‘room’ actually looks like. I feel like the author (Mary Shelly), wanted to make the reader imagine this room for themselves. By hinting that it was dark and gloomy by stating “solitary chamber or rather cell” and “dissecting room and the slaughter-house” as well as “workshop of filthy creation”
  • The “separated from all other apartments” helps illustrate that is was maybe unused, or that no ones ever goes near or around this room.

The Gothic Antagonist

The Gothic Antagonist – The Creature




  • Controls V.F through his weakness for his family…until V.F. thinks about ‘the greater good’

Supernatural Powers:

  • Superhuman speed and strength
  • Able to withstand extreme conditions
  • Massive physical presence


  • Begins as an essentially good character
  • Shown with his interactions/obsessions of the Delacy Family
  • After being turned away, attacked and feared he becomes vengeful. He develops a hatred for the human race

Passion and Drive:

  • Wants a companion/be accepted by someone
  • Blackmails and murders people to get there
  • Needs to learn how to speak/interact with humans


Frankenstien Glossary

ardour: great enthusiasm or passion

  • he kissed her with an ardour that left her breathless.

chamois: antelope with short hooked horns, found in mountainous areas of Europe from Spain to the Caucasus.

abode: a place of residence; a house or home

  • my humble abode.

elixir: a particular type of medicinal solution

  • a cough elixir

repugnance: intense disgust

  • our repugnance at the bleeding carcasses


Ozymandias – Unfamiliar Texts Prac Question

Ozymandias By Percy Shelley

I met a traveller from an antique land
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert… near them, on the sand,
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown,
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,
The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed:

And on the pedestal these words appear:
‘My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!’
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare
The lone and level sands stretch far away.



  1. Rhyme
  2. “Words appear….and despair!”
  3. Percy Shelley has used a number of ‘rhyme’ with every 2 lines. This is shown through “I met a traveller from an antique land” which then continues and the rhyme appears in the second line “Stand in the desert… near them, on the sand,” He does this, by showing how the character has got energy and enthusiasm for his own pride. Shelley also uses the language feature of Oxymoron, where he expressing two opposite words put together, to help express the ‘kings’ words. An example of this was what the king said about himself bring ” Ye mighty, and despair” He is expressing this to have an effect of those who he is speaking, to should feel sorry for him, he is selfish and he knows that because he is very overly confident in himself and believes that everyone should follow his lead.



Comparing texts:

The Poem by Shelley, Ozymandias, describes a traveller who once came across a statue in the sand. The statues facial appearance with its “wrinkled lip” and the fact that it gives off a “cold command”. This command helps show the observer its emotions and passions that it once had. It becomes an icon in itself and it gives off certain views of its past life, how it used to be “ye mighty, and despair!” As an icon, people look up to it and aspire to become it and try their best to achieve success in their life, likewise, what the statue once did.